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Physical Therapy

Physical Therapists use exercise, manual (hands on) therapy and other modalities to treat a variety of conditions to restore a patient's function and reduce or eliminate pain. A typical course of therapy will involve an initial evaluation, much like an initial visit with your doctor, several follow up treatment sessions and periodic reevaluations. While we no longer provide PT on site, our physicians will often prescibe PT treatments with local PT centers. Below are some common terms your provider may use.



Low back pain: pain originating in or referring from an injury to the low back area including both the lumbar vertebra, sacrum or related structures.

Neck pain: pain originating in or referring from an injury to the neck area including both the cervical vertebra, supporting musculature or related structures.

Shoulder Impingement/Rotator cuff sprain: Pain, decreased motion or decreased strength in the shoulder or arm due to disorders of the rotator cuff tendons.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: pain or dysfunction including numbness in the hand or forearm from the compression of structure through the carpal tunnel.

Elbow Epicondylitis (tennis or golfers elbow): pain or dysfunction resulting from the common tendons of the elbow.

Knee Pain (patella femoral dysfunction): pain or dysfunction resulting from the misalignment of the patella due to multiple causes including muscle imbalance, weakness and kinetic chain dysfunction.

Knee Pain (ligament strain): pain or dysfunction due to a strain or tear of the ligaments surrounding the knee.

Ankle Sprain: pain or dysfunction due to a sprain of the ligaments surrounding the ankle.

Surgical Rehabilitation: treatment for injury for which the patient has had recent surgery. Usually includes strengthening of musculature weekend due to the post surgical recovery.

Muscle injury: injury directly to the muscle requiring stretching and strengthening in order to return the muscle to it's complete function.


Strengthening exercises: exercises intended to increase the strength of a muscle. These are the typical "set of ten" repetition exercise with weight or just against gravity.

Stretching exercises: exercises intended to restore or increase the length of a muscle to allow for the complete motion of a joint or to decrease pain. Typically these are exercises you would hold for 10 to 30 seconds.

Range of Motion exercises: exercises intended to increase the amount of motion available to a joint directly.

Joint mobilization: manual therapy where the therapist manual positions the bones of a joint by direct contact or force.

Modalities: includes TENS, ultrasound, massage and other direct techniques intended to relieve pain to a specific area.

Injury Mechanisms

Occupational Injury: A person suffering a musculoskeletal injury at work or one associated with their occupation. We work with these individuals to relieve their pain, help them recover from their injury and restore their function so they can return to work and all other activities.

Motor Vehicle Accidents: Because of the nature of their injuries these patients often need a great deal of pain control immediately after the accident. As they recover we work with them to restore their strength and function so they can return to their daily activities.

Sports injuries: These patients are often very eager to return to their sport. Therefor our first responsibility is to protect the injured body part through its acute phase of injury and then restore strength and function as quickly as possible.

Chronic injury or Rehab: Patients who have been suffering from their injuries for a long time require more than just treatment of their specific diagnosis. They need to restore overall musculoskeletal and neurologic function in in order to maximize their daily activity level.